). To do so, we will focus on four areas in particular: Now here are four ways to improve the four areas above: “Synectics” is a term coined by psychologist William J. J. Gordon. While in many cases, this strategy is useful and necessary, we must admit that real life is complex, dynamic, and imprecise enough that it’s unrealistic to think that problems have only one solution. Creativity Research, Herostratus Complex: Specialists in the Art of Posing, 3 Strategies to Process Obsessive Thoughts, My Greatest Triumph Is Having Achieved Emotional Independence, When Someone Makes You a Better Person You Know They Should Be in Your Life, Sandro Botticelli: Biography and Metamorphosis of the Soul, Philip Zimbardo, Author of The Lucifer Effect. Ross: “Thinking is a mental activity in its cognitive aspect or mental activity with regard to psychological aspects”. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Divergent thinking is the capacity to find relationships between ideas, concepts, and processes that, at first glance, lack any similarity. The content in this publication is presented for informative purposes only. Other dimensions that bring ingenuity and vitality to their projects. On the other hand, divergent thinking expands outward by generating multiple ideas, often thinking like a hacker and using materials in original ways. Divergent thinking goes hand-in-hand with joy, optimism, and inner well-being. International: Português | Türkçe | Deutsch | 日本語 | Italiano | Español | Suomi | Français | Polski | Dansk | Norsk bokmål | Svenska | Nederlands | 한국어. People with “steep” semantic networks are governed more by logic and linear thinking. In a society accustomed to mimicking similar skills, there comes a time when large companies begin to value other skills. However, it is based on an approach that differs substantially from divergent thinking (Torrance) or divergent production (Guilford)—a Gestalt 5-psychology theory of creativity. Like we said, all of us, regardless of age, can practice and improve our divergent thinking. A. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Divergent thinking involves artistry which is associated with the right brain while convergent thinking encompasses logical reasoning which employs the left brain. However, behavioral addictions are equally important to…, Philip Zimbardo is a well-known and controversial social psychologist and researcher. However, the real problem is that we’ve been “trained” to only think this way. In other words, they are making connections in both sides of the brain, not just one. We’ve neglected spontaneity, wit, and captivating freedom. Privacy Policy - Terms of Service. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner and creates varieties of possible resolutions to another problem. However, some people are capable of coming up with multiple answers and ingenious ideas because they are good at what Edward de Bono calls “lateral thinking”. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. Mark (1991) Divergent Thinking (Creativity Research). Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: We have all heard about how the right hemisphere of the brain is the creative side and the left is the logical side. So many people see but don't perceive. This is … It typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing, "non-linear" manner, such that many ideas are generated in an emergent cognitive fashion. The name of this test suggests that it is a divergent thinking test, and its acronym (TCT-DP) makes it easy to confuse with Torrance’s TTCT. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … Convergent thinking is useful and necessary on many occasions. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the … Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: People with “steep” semantic networks are governed more by logic and linear thinking. Well, we have to be careful with this kind of generalization about lateralization or cerebral dominance. Divergent th inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. n (Psychology) psychol thinking in an unusual and unstereotyped way, e.g. Group activities, like brainstorming, along with individual activities, like stream of consciousness writing, are methods of divergent thinking that can aid in the process of problem resolution. Divergent Thinking A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Start studying Chapter 7 Cognition, Thinking, & Divergent Thinking. (What can we change in how we have fun? Divergent Thinking Definition Divergent thinking, often referred to as lateral thinking, is the process of creating multiple, unique ideas or solutions to a problem that you are trying to solve. Convergent thinking narrows down multiple ideas into a single solution. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. Creativity Research, It talks, it whispers, it yells… It expresses itself however it can, or however we let it, sometimes. His Stanford prison experiment was only the beginning of…. What can I do with a paper clip and a spoon? In this manner, they are correlated. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is a spontaneous, fluid, non-linear mental approach based on curiosity and nonconformity. Look it up now! This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. Divergent thinking definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Adventures in Divergent Thinking: Breaking through the inertia of no., by Kathryn Haydon, MSc Although Guilford emphasized the importance of training children in divergent thinking, educational institutions have paid little attention to him. Also called: ‘Thinking … Convergent thinking is used in accordance with divergent thinking. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. 1. Divergent thinking is important in today’s modern world. In many courses aimed at training people in divergent thinking, students are asked questions like the following: At the beginning, it may be hard to come up with even one idea. © 2020 Exploring your mind | Blog about psychology and philosophy. The most ingenious people use tree-like thought processes. What kind of uses could you come up with if we gave you a toothbrush and a toothpick? Through spontaneous, free-flowing thinking, divergent thinking requires coming up … Because actually it is a very nuanced process. With our high-pressure, busy lives, we neglect many of these valuable dimensions. ), Eliminate something (What if you get to work a little earlier to make better use of the day? While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Therefore, we need to learn how to use true divergent thinking. Divergent thinking in children is an exceptional gift. This occurs when you take full responsibility…, When a bond you have with someone makes you a better person that is a clear sign that the person…, Psychological debriefing is a quick intervention that takes place the first days after a traumatic event. On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as … Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Thinking: . This symptom can become normal if it happens at…, In our current society, people often associate the word "addiction" with substance abuse. This exercise takes a lot of mental work. ), Adapt it (What do people do to be less stressed at other workplaces? Articles and opinions on happiness, fear and other aspects of human psychology. The amount of new ideas is much higher than in convergent thinking, and the emphasis is placed on the overall picture of a situation, ideas, and problems. Divergent thinking refers to the ability to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions in an effort to find one that works. Thus, a person capable of offering innovation and creativity can make an attractive candidate. Divergent thinking, or lateral thinking, is about generating multiple creative solutions to the same problem. Divergent thinking, also referred to as lateral thinking, is the process of creating multiple, unique ideas or solutions related to a problem that you are trying to solve. You imagine what you desire, you will what you imagine, and at last you create what you will.”. Basically, it means being able to find connections and relationships between concepts, objects, and ideas that seem unrelated. What does DIVERGENT THINKING mean? For example, let’s say we have to come up with an idea for work. In general, they’ve prioritized a type of reflection (or rather lack thereof) where the student must use linear thinking, rules, and structured processes to come to the one “right” solution. It is very useful in creating something innovative and practicing divergent thinking. Their open mind is full of possibilities and unusual, original, and constant idiosyncratic reasoning. Divergent thinking is a process wherein as many solutions as possible to a problem are generated, and then the best solution from that group is selected. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. It's a constant battle against your…, One of the greatest personal achievements you can make is complete emotional independence. And in how we work? Divergent Thinking Divergent thinking is an important type of thinking in problem solving, and an important concept in psychology. For this we recommend that you contact a reliable specialist. All material within this site is the property of AlleyDog.com. In no sense is this information intended to provide diagnoses or act as a substitute for the work of a qualified professional. What kind of things could you do with a brick and a pen? Divergent thinking is an aspect of intelligence a thought process or method, which is usually applied with the goal to generate ideas. Divergent thinking is the capacity to find relationships between ideas, concepts, and processes that, at first glance, lack any similarity. Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed … Once we have that “idea”, we’ll put it through a series of “filters”. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. Start studying Convergent vs. Divergent thinking. There, the goal is to be able to create new questions. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. This material may not be reprinted or copied for any reason without the express written consent of AlleyDog.com. Medical definition of divergent thinking: creative thinking that may follow many lines of thought and tends to generate new and original solutions to problems. Get the word of the day delivered to your inbox, © 1998-, AlleyDog.com. To understand how this works a little better, let’s see what kind of psychological processes come into play. All ideas are valid for idea stimulation in divergent thinking. Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. Lateral Thinking. What…, Processing obsessive thoughts is a tough job. The trick is to find ways to be consistent about it by employing both divergent and convergent thinking and the strengths that support them, so that you continue to grow personally. 2. There is a movement in education that maintains divergent thinking might create more resourceful students. When new, creative, innovative, and vague ideas are presented as a result of divergent thinking; systematic, procedural, precise and time-effective convergent thinking is required to work on the results of divergent thinkers, scrutinize and reach an unambiguous answer. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. In the 1960’s J.P. Guilford differentiated and defined convergent and divergent thinking. What is convergent and divergent thinking in psychology? ), Now combine everything (What can we do to make our work more fun? Having good relationships, being well-rested, and being free of pressure, anxiety, and stress puts you in an ideal position for divergent thinking. Therefore, according this theory, people who use more divergent or lateral thinking will more often use the right hemisphere. Divergent thinking is a longer process as compared to convergent thinking. Being aware…, Mom, tell me again about how I was born. The goal of divergent thinking is to focus on a subject, in a free-wheeling way, to think of solutions that may not be obvious or predetermined. Summary: Using both Convergent and Divergent Thinking. In fact, it is also a type of thinking very common in children, where joy, imagination, and a fresh perspective make their reasoning more free. Lateral Thinking: An Introduction. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. Read on and find out how to do it. That is, sometimes they relate two things to each other that don’t make sense but other networks contribute and an ingenious idea results. Tell me if you were afraid in those hours before I was born. ), Give it other uses (What is there at work that I could do in a more fun way? Garrett: The key lies is in how we connect one idea to another. ), Modify it (How can we work without becoming stressed? convergent thinking: the opposite of divergent thinking, the capacity to narrow in on the single “correct” answer or solution to a given question or problem (e.g., giving the right response on an intelligence tests) creativity: ability to generate, create, or discover new ideas, solutions, and possibilities Before continuing, it would be good to clarify one idea. However, our schools and universities still prioritize a very convergent type of thinking in their methodology. to generate several possible solutions to a problem. In fact, when generating an idea, whether it is ingenious, conservative, logical, or highly creative, we use our whole brain. What relationship could there be between the Limpopo River in Africa and Lake Baikal in Siberia? And multitasking is … People with “flat” semantic networks have mental networks that are much more connected. Substitute one element of that idea for another. It is often used for creative and problem solving purposes in conjunction with Convergent thinking. For example: The Scamper technique is another creative idea-developing strategy developed by Bob Eberle. Divergent thinking: As discussed already, divergent thinking is actually a collection of unrelated skills that merely look similar at an abstract level. Many educational centers do encourage their students to do more than find the right answer. Therefore, we could also conclude that this type of thinking is also born out of a certain attitude towards life: free, cheerful, nonconformist, open to new experiences…, Bono, Edward (2014) Lateral Thinking: An Introduction. 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